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Airgap install#

In this tutorial we are going to cover k0s deployment in the environment with restricted internet access. As usually in the k0sproject we aim to give you the best user experience with the least possible amount of friction.

Prerequisites for exporting images bundle from running cluster#

Working cluster with at least one controller (this cluster will be used to build images bundle). Please, refer to the getting started guide. You also need to have containerd CLI management tool ctr installed on the worker machine. Please refer to the ContainerD getting-started guide.


1. Create OCI bundle#

To create an OCI bundle, use the same processor architecture (x86-64, ARM64, ARMv7) as on the target system, because the OCI bundles are built specifically for each architecture.

k0s supports only uncompressed image bundles.

1.1 Using Docker#

Use following commands to build OCI bundle by utilizing your docker environment.

## Pull images
# k0s airgap list-images | xargs -I{} docker pull {}

## Create bundle
# docker image save $(k0s airgap list-images | xargs) -o bundle_file

Note: This Docker method doesn't currently work for the ARM architectures due to kube-proxy image multiarch manifest problem. So, for the ARM architectures, use the method in step 1.2.

1.2 Using previously set up k0s worker#

To build OCI bundle with images we can utilize the fact that containerd pulls all images during the k0s worker normal bootstrap. Use following commands on the machine with previously installed k0s worker:

## The command k0s airgap list-images prints images used by the current setup
## It respects the k0s.yaml values

# export IMAGES=`k0s airgap list-images | xargs`
# ctr --namespace --address /run/k0s/containerd.sock images export bundle_file $IMAGES 

Pay attention to the address and namespace arguments given to the ctr tool.

2. Sync bundle file with airgapped machine#

Copy the bundle_file from the previous step to the target machine. Place the file under the images directory in the k0s data directory. Use following commands to place bundle into the default location:

# mkdir -p /var/lib/k0s/images
# cp bundle_file /var/lib/k0s/images/bundle_file

3. Ensure pull policy in the k0s.yaml (optional)#

Use the following k0s.yaml to force containerd to never pull images for the k0s components. Otherwise containerd pulls the images, which are not found from the bundle, from the internet.

kind: Cluster
  name: k0s
    default_pull_policy: Never

4. Controller#

Set up the controller node as usual. Please refer to the getting started guide.

5. Run worker#

Do the worker set up as usually on the airgapped machine. During the start up k0s worker will import all bundles from the $K0S_DATA_DIR/images before even starting kubelet